This is just a short introduction and a reference to the topic of Model-Based Systems Engineering, if others have more knowledge and experience in it or have some ideas for possible workflows with FreeCAD please share...
INCOSE defines MBSE as “Model-based systems engineering (MBSE) is the formalized application of modeling to support system requirements, design, analysis, verification and validation activities beginning in the conceptual design phase and continuing throughout development and later life cycle phases.” In practice, System Markup Language (SysML) based models have gained the most prevelance in MBSE application. These models are system relationship models and are useful for showing relationships among system functions, requirements, developers, and users.
An Introduction to Model-Based Systems Engineering
Moving from Documents to Models
Connecting SysML with PLM/ALM, CAD, Simulation, Requirements, and Project Management Tools
Systems Modeling Languages
Extending SysML for Integration with Solver-based Simulation Tools
Orchestrating Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) with OpenMDAO
The Story of the INCOSE Telescope Challenge Team and the OpenSE Cookbook
https://www.omgsysml.org/The_OpenSE_Coo ... -et-al.pdf
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAuI_k ... abQ/videos
SysPhS - SysML Extension for Physical Interaction and Signal Flow Simulation
Some open source tools